Lacaune-les-Bains is a small city in moderate-altitude mountains located in the heart of the Haut-Languedoc Regional Natural Park, in the Tarn department, Midi-Pyrénées region, in southwestern France. Belonging to the Haut-Languedoc country, Lacaune possesses a heritage rich in history and culture due to the succession of historic periods, from the very origins to contemporary times, which have left their mark and have allowed Lacaune to enrich itself : the neolithic period, Gaul, the Roman occupation, the Middle Ages, wars of religion, the French Revolution, the 19th century which will see Lacaune opening out to the rest of the world and the 20th century marked by two World Wars and rapid economic development.

The name Lacaune comes from the Latin Cauna-ae which means cave, cavern.

The origins of the city of Lacaune are without a doubt very, very old and its first known inhabitants seem to have been the Tectosages, a people from Celtic Gaul. However, much before the Gauls, it is certain that the land was inhabited by another people, as is witnessed by the presence of numerous megaliths, which, according to scientists, were shaped, sculpted and erected more than 4,000 years ago towards the end of the late neolithic period, at the dawn of the Bronze Age. The area around Lacaune has the highest concentration of menhir statues in Europe.

Integrated into the Narbonne Province in 118 B.C., Lacaune conserves from the Roman occupation an ancient Roman way linking Béziers to Cahors.

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